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Why is North Korea threatening Guam? 

Why is North Korea threatening Guam? 

Guam Residents React to North Korea Threat

Why is North Korea threatening Guam? 

Following a warning Tuesday by President Donald Trump to stop threatening the United States, North Korean officials said early Wednesday they were considering using intermediate-range ballistic missiles near Guam, home to strategic U.S. military installations.

North Korea’s military officials said they were “carefully examining the operational plan for making an enveloping fire at the areas around Guam with medium-to-long-range strategic ballistic rocket Hwasong-12,” according to a statement read by the state-run Korean Central News Agency (KCNA).
Why did the North Koreans say they would target Guam, a small island in the South Pacific?
In part, because on Monday night two US B-1 bombers flew from Guam over the Korean peninsula in joint exercises with Japan and South Korea, angering North Korean leaders.

Here’s a look at Guam and the U.S. military installations there.

Why is Guam strategic to the United States?
Guam is a U.S. territory. Everyone born on the island is an American citizen.

How did it become a U.S. territory?
The United States took control of Guam following the Spanish-American War of 1898. The U.S. kept the island until the Japanese attack on December 1941. Japan occupied the island until 1944 when the U.S. took it back. Since then, it has been a U.S. territory.

Where is Guam?
Guam is an island in the western Pacific Ocean. It is about 4,000 miles from Hawaii, and 2,100 miles from Pyongyang, North Korea.

Why is it important as far as the U.S. military is concerned? 
The Joint Region Marianas – the U.S. military command on the island – is made up of two major military installations – Anderson Air Force Base (36th Wing, Air Mobility Command) and Naval Base Guam.
From the Department of Defense:
Andersen Air Force Base (AFB), is located on the north end of Guam, approximately 15 miles from the capital, Agana (or Ha-gan-ya). Andersen AFB is in the village of Yigo (pronounced "Jeego). … The bulk of Andersen's duties since WWII have been as a Strategic Air Command (SAC) base, supporting activities in Korea and Vietnam.
Assignment tours are 24 months for unaccompanied or single service members and 36 months for accompanied service members.
There are 2,334 active duty service members on the base. Four hundred civilians work on the base along with 572 contractors.
Anderson Air Force Base hosts B-52 bombers, B-1B bombers and B-2 bombers in addition to fighter jets.
Naval Base Guam has approximately 6,300 active duty Navy members, and, according to the base’s website:
Naval Base Guam is the home of Commander Naval Forces Marianas, Commander Submarine Squadron 15, Coast Guard Sector Guam and Naval Special Warfare Unit One and supports 28 other tenant commands. It is the home base of three Los Angeles class submarines and to dozens of units operating in support of US Pacific Command, US Pacific Fleet, 7th Fleet and 5th Fleet.

How big is Guam?
The island of Guam is 30 miles long and 4 to 12 miles wide. It is the largest of the Mariana Islands and the largest island in Micronesia

Who lives there?
The indigenous people of the island are the Chamorro. About 40 percent of the population of Guam is Chamorro.

In light of the threat from North Korea, what type of protection does the island have?
In addition to fighter planes, bombers, ships, and submarines, Guam has a Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system. THAAD is a defense system capable of shooting down an incoming ballistic missile.



Why is North Korea threatening Guam? 

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Some expressed little optimism. Sen. Lindsay Graham, a South Carolina Republican who has been working on bipartisan strategies, declared glumly: 'I am running out of ideas.' Trump met a bipartisan group of lawmakers Wednesday that included seven Democrats. Two people who attended the White House meeting agreed it was 'productive,' but could not say to what extent Trump was listening or moved by the conversation. The people, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the event candidly, said it seemed at some points as if people were talking past each other. Lawmakers talked about the shutdown's effect on their constituents and advocated for 'border security.' Trump and others on-and-off used the term 'wall.' It was not clear if progress had been made, by those accounts. Meanwhile a group of Republican senators headed to the White House later Wednesday. Many Republicans were unwilling to sign on to a letter led by Graham and Sen. Chris Coons, D-Del., to re-open the government for three weeks while talks continue. 'Does that help the president or does that hurt the president?' asked Sen. Mike Rounds, R-S.D., among those going to the White House. He has not signed the letter. 'If the president saw it as a way to be conciliatory, if he thought it would help, then perhaps it's a good idea,' he said. 'If it's just seen as a weakening of his position, then he probably wouldn't do it.' While Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine, said she has signed, others said GOP support was lacking. 'They're a little short on the R side,' said Sen. Joe Manchin, D-W.Va., another leader of the effort. The House and Senate announced they are canceling next week's planned recess if shutdown continues, which seemed likely. Some Republicans expressed concerns over the impact of the shutdown and who was getting blamed. Said Sen. Ron Johnson, R-Wisc.:'Right now, are you seeing any pressure on Democrats? I think Republicans are getting the lion's share of the pressure.' He added: 'The president accepted the blame so people are happy to give it to him.' ___ For AP's complete coverage of the U.S. government shutdown: https://apnews.com/GovernmentShutdown ___ Associated Press writers Chris Rugaber, Darlene Superville, Matthew Daly, Jonathan Lemire, Alan Fram, Colleen Long, Andrew Taylor, Laurie Kellman, Elana Schor and Ken Sweet contributed to this report
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