The government releases an antibiotic threat list. The list of 18 germs includes two new urgent threats; drug resistant Candida auris and carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter, bringing the number of urgent threats to five.
Other pathogens on the urgent list include drug-resistant gonorrhea and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, a class of bacteria resistant to the important carbapenem antibiotics. These include bacteria that cause common urinary tract infections, which in some cases now require courses of intravenous antibiotics to treat.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says antibiotic-resistant bacteria and fungi cause more than 2.8 million infections and 35,000 deaths in the United States each year.
The CDC says that means on average, someone gets an antibiotic-resistant infection every 11 seconds and every 15 minute someone dies from it in the U-S.
CDC director, Dr. Robert Redfield says, "antibiotic resistance threatens both our nation's health and our global security."
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic-resistant. These bacteria may infect humans and animals, and the infections they cause are harder to treat than those caused by non-resistant bacteria.